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Text 1
Liviae, olim post Augusti statim nuptias Veientanum suum revisenti, praetervolans aquila gallinam albam ramulum lauri rostro tenentem, ita ut rapuerat, demisit in gremium; cumque nutriri alitem, pangi ramulum placuisset, tanta pullorum suboles provenit, ut hodie quoque ea villa ad Gallinas vocetur, tale vero lauretum, ut triumphaturi Caesares inde laureas decerperent; fuitque mox triumphantibus, illas confestim eodem loco pangere; et observatum est, sub cujusque obitum arborem ab ipso institutam elanguisse. Ergo novissimo Neronis anno et silva omnis exaruit radicitus, et quidquid ibi gallinarum erat interiit.

Suetonius, Vie des douze Césars (Life of twelve Caesars), Galba, I, 2 et 3. Pub. Nisard, Paris, 1848.
     Lexicon of the text of Suetonius

Text 2
Sunt et circa Divum Augustum eventa ejus digna memoratu. Namque Liviae Drusillae, quae postea Augusta matrimonii nomen accepit, cum pacta esset illa Caesari, gallinam conspicui candoris sedenti aquila ex alto abjecit in gremium inlaesam, intrepideque miranti accessit miraculum. Quoniam teneret in rostro laureum ramum onustum suis bacis, conservari alitem et sobolem jussere haruspices ramumque eum seri ac rite custodiri: quod factum est in villa Caesarum fluvio Tiberi inposita juxta nonum lapidem Flaminia via, quae ob id vocatur Ad Gallinas, mireque silva provenit. Ex ea triumphans postea Caesar laurum in manu tenuit coronamque capite gessit, ac deinde imperatores Caesares cuncti. Traditus mos est ramos quos tenuerunt serendi, et durant silvae nominibus suis discretae, fortassis ideo mutatis triumphalibus.

Pliny, Natural History, XV, 136, 137. Pub. M. Ajasson de Grandsagne, Paris, volume 9, Panckoucke, 1831.
       Lexicon of the text of Pliny

Comparison of texts.
(you can split up into groups to facilitate the work! Afterwards it will be necessary for you to swap your translations.)

1-Translate texts.
2-Research : in which period did Pliny and Suetonius live ? What type of books did they write ?
3-Find the main elements of the story : who ? When ? Where ? Do these elements differ much in the two accounts ?
4-What is the meaning of the way in which the twig arrived in Livia's hands (draw on your knowledge concerning the eagle, and read the text with regards to the hen) ?
5-In each text, locate all references to the laurel which do not appear in the other text. What is the author aiming for through these indications ?
6-Which author implies that this is based on a prodigious fact ? Justify your answer by quoting the text.
7-Conclude by selecting the sentence which you feel to be the most apt :
          -
Romans grant little importance to the world of vegetation.
          - Romans like bay leaves because they give a delicious taste to chicken dishes.
          - Romans grant some vegetables a symbolic value (in texts and in ornamental motifs).
          - Romans elevated the status of some vegetables to the rank of the divinities, to which they pay homage (in texts and in ornamental motifs).

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